The 16 Länder

The Basic Law underlines the special role played by federalism and the Länder in the Federal Republic of Germany.

Article 20 (1)

The Federal Republic of Germany is a democratic and social federal state.

Article 30

Except as otherwise provided or permitted by this Basic Law, the exercise of state powers and the discharge of state functions is a matter for the Länder.

The Länder are varied and distinctive in both organizational and cultural terms.

The following is a brief introduction to the 16 Länder:

The 16 Länder

Flaggen der Bundesländer

The Bundesrat